Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal


Unité de Virologie et Immunologie Moléculaires

SAPHIR: an international and multidisciplinary approach to developing new vaccines for livestock

28 May 2015

SAPHIR is a project coordinated by INRA and selected by the European Commission for its Horizon 2020 programme. Participants launched the project with a seminar held on 11-13 May 2015 at INRA’s Jouy-en-Josas site. SAPHIR aims at developing innovative vaccination strategies against the pathogens responsible for major economic losses in cattle, pig and poultry farming. The project is the first of its kind to involve top-notch scientists from different disciplines (including pathologists, geneticists, microbiologists, sociologists, economists and mathematicians) in various public and private partnerships financed by Europe and China, using an integrated approach.

SAPHIR, which stands for “Strengthening Animal Production and Health through Immune Response”, was selected by the European Commission for its Horizon 2020 research programme (and as a proposal to support Sustainable Food Security as part of its Societal Challenges pillar). It aims at developing vaccination strategies against the endemic pathogens responsible for major economic losses in cattle, pig and poultry farming. Participating in the four-year project are 14 research institutes, 5 SME and a pharmaceutical lab from 11 European countries and China. The project has a €10.7 million budget, with €9 million provided by the Commission and €1.7 million by the Swiss government.

SAPHIR objectives and expected developments

Scientific goals: decipher the mechanisms of immune protection and pathogen invasion; understand the impact of age and host genetics, optimize adjuvant and formulation for rapid, widespread and long-term immunity; induce mucosal immunity.

Technological goals: develop high-tech engineered vaccines that are safe and permit epidemiological monitoring; develop efficient and convenient delivery methods; identify markers of immunocompetence for subsequent breeding of stronger animals.

Socio-economic goals: understand the socio-economic factors that influence the use and acceptability of vaccines by professionals and share information about integrated strategies for livestock health with stakeholders.

Scientists participating in the project are looking at two representative pathologies from each sector for which there is no existing or efficient vaccine available:
For cattle: Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Mycoplasma bovis,
For pigs: Porcine Respiratory and Reproductive Syndrome Virus and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae,
For poultry: Eimeria species and Clostridium perfringens.

See also

For more information: